Tung Tree Poisoning in Dogs


What is Tung Tree Poisoning?

The tung tree (Vernicia fordii) is a medium-sized deciduous tree which rises to 65 feet high. It is the source of tung oil, an oil utilized as an appealing and non-toxic surface for wood, and grows naturally in China, Burma, and Vietnam. It was presented in the United States in the early 1900’s and has actually given that been identified an intrusive types in the southern states, especially Florida. All parts of the plant, specifically the nut, include glycosides and saponins that can show damaging to dogs when consumed. If your animal takes in any part of this tree, call your vet or regional emergency situation veterinary center immediately.

Vernicia fordii, frequently known as the tung tree or tung oil tree, consists of harmful saponins and glycosides. Consumption of this plant can be deadly, and must be dealt with as an emergency situation.

Signs of Tung Tree Poisoning in Dogs

The tung tree is the source of tung Oil, an oil regularly utilized as a non-toxic wood surface. Although the pushed oil from the tung tree is non-toxic, the rest of the plant consists of saponins and glycosides that exist throughout the plant, however most focused in the seeds. 

  • Heart arrhythmias
  • Collapse
  • Reduced heart rate
  • Anxiety
  • Diarrhea
  • Drooling
  • Hyperkalemia (high levels of potassium in blood)
  • Increased heart rate
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Sleepiness
  • Queasiness
  • Seizures
  • Abrupt death
  • Tremblings
  • Unstable gait
  • Throwing Up
  • Weak Point


Vernicia fordii is a plant in the spurge household that is belonging to southern China, northern Vietnam, and Burma. It is most frequently known as a tung tree or tung oil tree however has actually likewise been called by the names China wood-oil tree and the kalo nut tree. The saponins and glycosides in the tung trees are not the only dangers to chewing on this plant. The seeds or nuts of the plant likewise have actually been known to trigger internal hemorrhaging and abrasions to the stomach. The sap likewise triggers a dermatitis-like rash when it enters to exposure to skin.

Reasons For Tung Tree Poisoning in Dogs

  • The toxic substances in the tung tree lie in the saponins and glycosides that exist in all parts of the plant
  • The seed or nut of the tree has the greatest concentrations of these substances
  • Saponins are substances that act upon the red cell and trigger them to burst
  • Heart glycosides, likewise known as steroidal glycosides, interrupt the natural rhythm of the heart by acting upon the force of the heart muscle itself

Medical Diagnosis of Tung Tree Poisoning in Dogs

If you capture your animal taking in any part of the tung tree, the recognition of the plant might suffice to presume a preliminary medical diagnosis. Info will be collected concerning the quantity of plant product consumed, what part of the plant was consumed, and for how long back this took place, as these elements can assist to identify the most reliable treatment strategy. If the consumption of the product was not experienced, the signs would trigger your vet to take note of any improper consuming that your animal might have engaged in just recently, in addition to any concurrent prescriptions or supplements that your canine has actually been taking. 

Some medications utilized to control the heart in both people and dogs include heart glycosides also, so info about these kinds of drugs is notable. Drugs such as beta-blockers, steroids, and some chemotherapy representatives might communicate adversely with glycosides. There are blood tests readily available to spot the glycosides, in addition to to keep an eye on the levels of glycosides in the system. Nevertheless, the expense of these approaches limitations their ease of access for veterinary medical diagnosis.

Treatment of Tung Tree Poisoning in Dogs

If it has actually just been a short time given that consumption your canine’s physician might pick to cause throwing up or to carry out a stomach watering. Once the plant product has actually been left from your animal’s stomach triggered charcoal is most likely to be administered in an effort to take in as a number of the poisonous substances as possible prior to they liquify into the blood stream. When the providing signs suggest the participation of the heart, antiarrhythmic drugs such as atropine sulfate, procainamide or lidocaine might be made use of, and the heart will be carefully kept track of. 

General encouraging procedures are most likely to consist of intravenous fluids for dehydration and mixes of sugars and electrolytes to neutralize any abnormalities. Calcium needs to be prevented as an additive to the IV fluids when tung tree poisoning has actually taken place, as the calcium tends to boost the impacts of the glycosides included. Supplemental potassium is likewise known to trigger problems as it can increase the possibility of hyperkalemia establishing. Although digoxin-specific antibodies have actually effectively been utilized to deal with glycoside toxicity in people, it has actually not shown reliable in dogs or other animals. Injections of fructose have actually likewise been utilized experimentally to minimize serum potassium levels and heart abnormalities.

Healing of Tung Tree Poisoning in Dogs

As low as one nut has actually been known to be deadly, and the diagnosis is safeguarded if this is the part of the plant that your animal consumed. The quantity consumed, the size of the dog, and how rapidly encouraging procedures are looked for are crucial elements in death. Trigger, aggressive treatment in concerns to any part of the tung tree plant will enable a great chance of healing. Supplying a peaceful, calm setting for your animal to return house to will assist speed the go back to typical. This is specifically essential when the heart is included due to the glycosides present in the plant, in order to prevent additional tension on the heart. 

Clients that are recuperating from anesthesia offered for a stomach decontamination might have coordination troubles in the beginning, and are typically disoriented and confused. Seclusion from other family pets and from kids might be sensible till both the toxic substances and medication have actually totally cleared your buddy’s system.

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