Dwarf Poinciana Poisoning in Dogs


What is Dwarf Poinciana Poisoning?

The dwarf poinciana plant resembles the Brazilwood, however smaller sized and has orange and red flowers rather of yellow and red. Among this plant’s numerous labels is the peacock plant since of its snazzy flowers. It is a shrub that can grow to about 9 feet high, making the name dwarf poinciana appear silly. Nevertheless, a few of the other plants in the poinciana household can grow to a height of 15 feet or more. In spite of its appeal, this plant threatens to have around your family pets or kids due to the major adverse effects from the toxic substances, among which was utilized by Hitler as a gas to perform detainees in the gas chambers. Needless to state, you need to not let your family pet get near to among these unsafe appeals.

The dwarf poinciana can trigger major harmful responses in your canine such as extreme throwing up, confusion, weight reduction, and might even be deadly in big dosages. These adverse effects might be moderate in some dogs if simply a percentage is consumed, however in toy or senior dogs, even a little dosage threatens.

Signs of Dwarf Poinciana Poisoning in Dogs

The signs of dwarf poinciana toxicity depend upon the quantity taken in and the size of your canine. In addition, if your canine’s health is jeopardized, the adverse effects might be more major and even dangerous. The typical indications of dwarf poinciana poisoning are:

  • Whining
  • Scratching face and mouth
  • Bloody and watery stool
  • Confusion
  • Extreme drooling
  • Swallowing problem
  • Throwing Up
  • Weight reduction


The dwarf poinciana is in the Fabaceae household and is known by a number of other names such as:

  • Barbados pride
  • Caesalpinia pulcherrima
  • Mexican bird of paradise
  • Peacock flower
  • Poinciana
  • Pride of Barbados

Reasons For Dwarf Poinciana Poisoning in Dogs

Hydrocyanic acid (HCN) and tannins are 2 of the toxins in the dwarf poinciana. The seeds, which appear like pea pods, consist of tannin, which binds to your canine’s proteins and triggers loss of weight and poor nutrition. The HCN contaminant, hydrogen cyanide, is discovered throughout the plant, consisting of the flowers, foliage, and roots. In the past, this acid was utilized as a weapon and triggers main nerve system inflammation and potentially irreversible damage.

Medical Diagnosis of Dwarf Poinciana Poisoning in Dogs

It is very important you make a journey to see the vet if you believe your canine consumed part of a dwarf poinciana, whether you have actually seen any adverse effects or not. The faster you can get treatment, the much better off your family pet will be. Take a sample or an image of the plant your canine consumed so the group can get a much better concept of what they are up versus. This is very important in getting the ideal treatment strategy. Bring your canine’s shot records and case history too, and inform them about any medications your family pet is on or has actually just recently taken.

Next, your vet will do an assessment of your canine’s total condition and important indications, consisting of heart rate, breathing rate, body temperature level, high blood pressure, weight, and skin/coat condition. Laboratory tests will be done next, that include a blood chemistry profile, blood cell counts, urinalysis, and fecal assessment. Stomach x-rays and ultrasound will be performed to see your canine’s liver, digestive system, and stomach contents. If needed, your vet might likewise do CT scans or an MRI to get a more comprehensive view.

Treatment of Dwarf Poinciana Poisoning in Dogs

The treatment prepare for your canine depends upon just how much of the dwarf poinciana was taken in, for how long ago it occurred, and what the test results revealed. The normal prepare for most poisonings is stabilization, removal of the contaminant, fluid treatment, medication, and observation.


The vet will do whatever is needed to support your canine’s important indications initially.


To clear your family pet’s stomach, a peroxide or ipecac service will be provided by mouth, which need to cause throwing up. Triggered charcoal will be provided beside soak up the toxic substances left in the stomach and digestive system.

Fluid Treatment

An intravenous (IV) line will be begun to offer fluids in order to flush the kidneys and rid the body of anymore harmful compounds. The fluids and electrolytes will likewise avoid dehydration triggered by throwing up, diarrhea, and failure to consume water.


Medications provided depend upon your canine’s condition, however generally consist of stomach protectants, antiemetics, anti-seizure medication, and prescription antibiotics.


Depending Upon how your family pet responds to the treatment, the vet might confess your furry pal to the healthcare facility for observation over night. This offers the veterinary personnel the chance to supply helpful treatment as required.

Healing of Dwarf Poinciana Poisoning in Dogs

Once your canine has the ability to go house, get ready for this by establishing a peaceful location for your family pet to sleep far from the family sounds and tension. Eliminate the dwarf poinciana and any other harmful plants from your house and backyard. Bring your canine for a follow-up assessment as suggested by your vet, and call if there are any concerns about your family pet’s healing.

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