Cardboard Palm Poisoning in Dogs


What is Cardboard Palm Poisoning?

The coontie palm typically grows in warm environments like Florida, Louisiana, North Carolina, and Texas. Usually it is discovered in backyards as a decorative tree, however some individuals keep them as indoor plants. These have actually likewise begun growing wild, mainly in Louisiana and Florida along the highways. These palms are short and large with fern-like leaves and a big cone (woman) or a number of smaller sized cones (males) in the middle. While the whole plant is harmful, it is the seeds in the cones that are lethal.

The cardboard palm is known by lots of other names consisting of coontie plant, sago palm, and sago tree among others. This palm includes unsafe contaminants that can make your pet exceptionally ill if just one seed is consumed, and 2 seeds might be lethal. The toxins in the cardboard palm are cycasin, which triggers intestinal issues and failure of the liver which might be deadly, and Beta-methylamino-alanine (BMAA), which is a neurotoxin that harms the main nerve system and can have deadly repercussions.

Signs of Cardboard Palm Poisoning in Dogs

Moderate poisoning (one leaf or stem) typically has no signs at all so you will not understand your pet has actually been poisoned up until a greater toxicity is reached. Signs might be severe or persistent depending upon the quantity your pet has actually taken in. If your pet consumed simply 2 seeds, severe poisoning will appear within less than an hour in most cases. These signs will be intestinal (gastrointestinal) and hepatic (liver). Persistent signs happen with time from your pet taking in a percentage of leaves or stems daily. These signs are neurological and can be neglected for a long time up until your pet has actually consumed a big quantity.

Central nerve system

  • Ataxia (Loss of muscle function)
  • Lightheadedness
  • Dropping
  • Sleepiness
  • Seizures
  • Tremblings
  • Weak Point


  • Stomach discomfort
  • Dehydration
  • Diarrhea (which might be bloody or black and tarry)
  • Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis
  • Increased thirst
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Queasiness
  • Throwing up (which might be bloody)


  • Bruising
  • Bigger liver
  • Liver damage
  • Jaundice
  • Liver failure
  • Swelling in feet
  • Exhaustion
  • Weight boost due to water retention
  • Coma
  • Death


The cardboard plant (Zamia pumila) is from the Cycadaceae household in the order of the cycadales, class cycadopsida: There are a number of kinds of these palms, that includes: 

  • Cycad 
  • Cycadaceae
  • Japanese cycad 
  • Macrozamia
  • Sago palm
  • Zamias

Reasons For Cardboard Palm Poisoning in Dogs

The contaminants in the cardboard palm are:

  • Beta-methylamino-alanine (BMAA), which is a neurotoxin that harms the main nerve system
  • Cycasin, which is a phytotoxin, can trigger damage to the liver and liver failure, resulting in death

Medical Diagnosis of Cardboard Palm Poisoning in Dogs

Your vet requires to referred to as lots of information as you can offer about what type of plant your pet consumed, just how much, and when it was taken in. It is useful to bring a part or an image of the plant to reveal the vet. Let the group understand what signs you have actually seen, if any. Given that this is a deadly scenario, the vet will begin your pet on intravenous and offer oxygen throughout the evaluation. Apomorphine will most likely be offered to cause throwing up at this time. Offer them with your pet’s case history and vaccination records. An extensive health examination will be done by the vet beside identify your pet’s condition. Weight, high blood pressure, reflexes, blood oxygen level respiration rate, body temperature level, heart rate and general look will be inspected and tape-recorded.

Lab tests that are required for diagnosis are a urinalysis, stool sample, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels, jam-packed cell volume (PCV), total blood count (CBC), electrolyte levels, and a biochemistry analysis to search for increased ALT, bilirubin, and albumin levels. In addition, stomach radiographs (x-rays), ultrasound, MRI, or CT scan can be useful in figuring out if there is any internal damage. In most cases, the vet will likewise take a biopsy of the liver for tiny examination.

Treatment of Cardboard Palm Poisoning in Dogs

If the vet has actually not currently done so, triggered charcoal will be administered to soak up the contaminants. A blood transfusion, prescription antibiotics, liver protectants, and continued fluid treatment are the typical procedure. Tracking of the client and continually examining the liver and kidney function are essential to be sure the liver is recovering well. Handling liver function is important in the case of severe liver failure. A stay in the healthcare facility for a minimum of 24 hours is typically advised.

Healing of Cardboard Palm Poisoning in Dogs

Healing for your pet can be anticipated if you get treatment for your pet as quickly as you can, and there are no hidden health conditions. Since of the possibility of kidney or liver damage, you will require to bring your pet back for blood tests in 7 to 10 days. Healing depends on the quantity of the cardboard palm your pet has actually consumed and what signs have actually been discovered. Trigger medical attention is required to the healing of your pet. In addition, make certain to eliminate the cardboard palm or move it to a location your pet cannot get to so this does not occur once again. Call your vet if you have any concerns about your buddy’s development.

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