Autumn Crocus Poisoning in Dogs


What is Autumn Crocus Poisoning?

The Autumn Crocus (Colchicum autumnale) is a flower that physically looks like a real Crocus plant, however is in fact a lily. Like other lilies in the Colchicum household, it consists of a toxin called colchicine for which there is no known remedy. Intake of this plant, likewise known as the Meadow Saffron or naked girl, can trigger serious intestinal distress, damage to several internal organs, and without treatment will normally cause death. If you have actually seen your canine buddy dining on these flowers, call your vet right away.

The Autumn Crocus, likewise known as the Meadow Saffron, belongs to the lily household which contains a powerful toxin, colchicine. Contact your vet right away if your family pet has actually consumed Autumn Crocus.

Signs of Autumn Crocus Poisoning in Dogs

Signs from consumption of the Autumn Crocus might take place straight after usage or might take a number of days to appear. If your family pet has actually consumed any part of an Autumn Crocus or is revealing indications of toxicity your vet must be called as quickly as possible. This kind of poisoning must be dealt with as an immediate scenario. 

  • Anemia
  • Black, tarry stool
  • Blood in stool
  • Burning in mouth
  • Death
  • Anxiety
  • Diarrhea
  • Trouble breathing
  • Extreme drooling
  • Fever
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Multi-organ damage
  • Seizures
  • Shock
  • Slowed heart rate
  • Throwing up, perhaps bloody


The Autumn Crocus (Colchicum autumnale) is not, as it’s name recommends, a crocus. Although its look is that of a crocus, it in fact comes from the Lily household. It can be separated from a real Crocus by the variety of endurances as flowers in the real Crocus household will have just 3 endurances and the Autumn Crocus has 6. Flowers from the real crocus household might trigger intestinal upset, throwing up, and diarrhea, however are not usually deadly. If neglected, the toxin from the Autumn Crocus can end up being terminal. If your family pet has actually consumed either kind of flower a call to the vet is advised.

Reasons For Autumn Crocus Poisoning in Dogs

The chemical in the Autumn Crocus (Colchicum autumnale) that triggers it to be harmful is colchicine. Colchicine exists in other members of the Liliaceae (Lily) household of plants also and is typically utilized to deal with gout and Behçet’s illness in little dosages in human beings. In bigger dosages, the toxicity restricts its effectiveness for human beings along with dogs.

Medical Diagnosis of Autumn Crocus Poisoning in Dogs

If you see your family pet taking in the Autumn crocus recognition is typically all that is needed for identifying the origin of your family pet’s trouble. If your canine consumed a crocus and you doubt of the type, take your family pet along with a sample of any staying plant product into the vet to make sure a faster recognition for treatment. If the consumption of the plant was not experienced your vet will take unique note of any opportunistic consuming that was experienced or believed in addition to any concurrent prescriptions or supplements that your pet dog is taking in an effort to eliminate other contaminants or drug interactions. A biochemistry profile, total blood count, and urinalysis are most likely to be finished at this time also, with specific attention being paid to outcomes relating to liver and kidney performance. If any plant product is discovered in the vomit or stools, this will assist validate the medical diagnosis.

Treatment of Autumn Crocus Poisoning in Dogs

Preliminary treatment will depend upon the length of time it has actually been because the flower was consumed and if any signs have actually begun. In practically all cases your pet dog will be confessed to the veterinary healthcare facility. If the Autumn Crocus was taken in just recently and if there are no signs revealing since yet, throwing up will most most likely be caused to avoid the absorption of the colchicine into the blood stream. Triggered charcoal will be provided to try to take in as much of the contaminant as possible. If it has actually been a longer amount of time, the vet might select to carry out a stomach lavage under basic sedation to get rid of as much contaminant from the client’s stomach as possible. There is no remedy to colchicine, so treatment beyond that is helpful. The helpful treatment is most likely to consist of IV fluids for dehydration and mixes of electrolytes and sugars to change for any imbalances. Oxygen might likewise be provided to the pet dog if breathing is ending up being hard.

Healing of Autumn Crocus Poisoning in Dogs

Making sure that the recovering client has a calm and peaceful environment to return house to will assist speed healing. Lots of fresh water must be offered and additional restroom breaks must be anticipated. Clients that are recuperating from anesthesia for stomach lavage might have coordination problems when they initially get house, and they are typically baffled and disoriented. Seclusion from other family pets and from kids is usually recommended up until the medication has actually completely cleared your buddy’s system. Your vet might suggest more regular tracking of your family pet’s blood chemistry levels, especially in relation to kidney and liver performance or problems.

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