This is the second part of our series on dog worms, and in this article we talk about hookworms, tapeworms and whipworms.
HOOKWORMS (Ancylostoma caninium)
Like Roundworm, Hookworm holds up in the intestines of the dog and can also be spread to people. Hookworms can impact a dog at any age. It’s a small, thin dog worm that latches on to the intestinal wall and sucks up the blood from the dog, which results in anaemia and possibly death. Due to their knifelike teeth, they can also cause bleeding in the intestines. Hookworms are not seeable by the naked eye, consequently it should be diagnosed by a veterinarian. As with roundworm, hookworms can also live and mature to maturity in the intestines. They can also be spread to puppies when in the mother’s womb or by her breast milk. A dog contaminated with hookworm would get bloody feces, anaemia, weight loss, pale gums, looseness of the bowels and depleted energy level. Skin irritation could also be a sign of a serious infestation.
Hookworms can be spread to people by penetration of the persons skin, making it possible for humans to get contaminated just by walking shoeless on contaminated ground. Hookworms, when spread to people, can results in bleeding in the intestines along with abdominal pain and looseness of the bowels.
Treatment generally comprises oral drugs (dewormer), followup fecal tests, intravenous therapy and, if essential, a blood transfusion. Hookworm infestation can kill your puppy prior to the dog worm is ever discovered. This is why it’s so crucial to maintain your veterinarian visits and exams.
TAPEWORMS (Dipylidium caninum)
The tapeworm acquires its name from its long, flat, tape like visual aspect. It’s another worm that impacts the intestines, and similar to the roundworm, can sometimes be seen by the naked human eye. Broke away pieces of this worm can be found in the dog’s feces, which give the feces a rice like look. These pieces of tape worm, whilst broken off, can be seen still alive and moving around the dog’s anus, in the feces or in his bed. Most common symptoms seen with serious tapeworm infestation is abdominal pain, nervousness, serious itching close to the anus, barfing and weight loss.
Transmittal to dogs is frequently induced by the consumption of contaminated fleas. Though, people are susceptible to getting infected, a dog can’t transfer the worm to a person directly.
Every day non prescription deworming medication isn’t efficient in annihilating this type of worm. A prescription dewormer is dispensed by mouth or by shot (praziquantel or epsiprantel). Confer with your veterinarian.
WHIPWORMS (Trichuris vulpis)
Whipworms are a long, thin whip shaped dog worm that hold up in the dog’s colon and are not seeable by the naked eye. They bind themselves to the intestinal walls and prey off of them which, successively, causes intestinal bleeding. More common symptoms of whipworm infestation are anaemia, weight loss, gas, looseness of the bowels with blood or mucous secretion in the feces and deficiency of energy.
Even though whipworms are the hardest to annihilate amongst the families of dog worms, there’s efficient treatments available.
Whipworm is best addressed with fenbendazole (panacur), however febantel could likewise be used. Prescription drugs are generally better. The treatment endures for up to five days and is duplicated after three weeks. Afterwards this treatment is stopped, you should confer with your veterinarian about suggesting a heartworm medicine (containing milbemycin oxime) as a prophylactic to later infestation.
In addition to giving heartworm medicine on a regular basis, here are additional methods to prevent reinfection:
Get rid of fecal matter from backyard every couple of days
Clean the yard with a dog safe cleaning product which is designed to kill dog worms
Have your dogs fecal matter examined every six months