Country of Origin: Germany
Life Span: 8-10 years
Bred For: Bull baiting and Guarding
Coat: Smooth and Short
Color: Fawn & brindle, with or without white flashing & black mask
Height: Male: 22.5-25″ Female: 21-23.5″
Weight: Male: 65-80lbs Female: 50-65lbs
Today’s modern day Boxer breed originated from Germany during the end of the nineteenth century. Boxers evolved from a stout type of dog called a Bullenbeisser. Bullenbeissers were often referred to as “bull biters” and at one time were the only type of hunting hound known to Germany. Due to their high level of intelligence, Boxers were used by the military and as messenger dogs during both World War I and II. They also served as one of the original guide dogs for the blind. To this day, Boxers are still used to assist police in their work. Boxers are especially well known for their ability to act as seizure alert dogs. In 1904, the first AKC Boxer was registered in the United States. Later in 1935, the American Boxer Club was founded. There is much discussion as to how the breed obtained its name. Many believe it is due to the playful boxing motion displayed with the front paws. This fun loving behavior is still displayed among Boxers today.
Boxers are generally well behaved and restrained once they reach adulthood. As puppies however, they tend to be bit stubborn or head strong and need consistent training in order to ensure good behavior. A Boxer adores attention and will adjust well to families with children. Their naturally playful behavior makes them the perfect companion for younger family members. The Boxer breed tends to be highly protective and cautious of strangers. If necessary, they will not hesitate to protect all members of the family. This display of protectiveness often extends to other pets in the family too. Loyalty, high intelligence, and a playful disposition make the Boxer a popular choice for a pet.
Upkeep and Grooming
Compared to other breeds, Boxer grooming is relatively simple. Their short shiny coat requires little care. An occasional brushing is all that is needed to keep the hair in healthy condition. Some owners may prefer to use a hound glove for grooming instead of a bristle brush. Boxers are a very clean breed and seldom need a bath. Their constant preening behavior is enough to keep the coat clean. Bathing your Boxer too often can also affect their appearance since it can strip the hair of necessary essential oils. A Boxers ears will require a little attention if they have been cropped. Carefully examine the ears for the presence of excess wax or infection. A clean gauze pad can be used to gently wipe the ear. Be careful not to insert your finger or any other object inside the ear canal.
A long history of inbreeding has led to several common health disorders among Boxers. Regular veterinary check-ups, proper diet, and frequent exercise are essential to give your pet the healthiest lifestyle possible. Below is a list of some of the most documented health issues.
Congenital deafness – a large percentage of White Boxer pups are born deaf. This is an inherited gene defect called a piebald gene. For this reason, White Boxers should not be bred.
Hyperthyroidism – an under active thyroid gland can cause weight gain, loss of energy, and a dull coat. A hormone medication is usually effective in reducing or eliminating all symptoms.
Other common health issues include aortic stenosis, corneal dystrophy, hip dysplasia, bloat, dermoid sinus, progressive retinal atrophy, and intervertabral disk disease.