Abscessed Anal Gland


What is an Abscessed Anal Gland? 

Your pet dog has 2 scent glands or anal sacs. The anal glands are little, round glands found under your canine’s skin beside the rectum. The anal glands secrete a fluid which is gray or normally brown in color and has a strong nasty smell. This fluid is made use of by your canine for communication functions with other dogs. When your canine defecates or when your pet dog is really scared, a tiny amount of fluid is secreted from the glands around the anus. 

An abscessed anal sac is caused by an infection inside your dog’s anal sac or sacs. The sac becomes swollen and then ruptures which causes a draining tract to form by the anus. This wound is usually at the positions of 5 o’clock or 7 o’clock around the anus. Anal sac abscess will be painful to your dog. 

Abscessed Anal Gland Symptoms? 

Symptoms including licking the rear end and scooting. Because of the pain associated with this condition, your dog may also whine and be hesitant to defecate. In some cases, you may see a little bit of blood staining on the carpet or on wherever your dog has been sitting. 

How Does My Dog Get An Anal Sac Abscesse? 

Being prone to anal sac impactions and allergies tend to increase your dog’s chances of getting an abscessed anal sacsac. 

Abscessed Anal Gland Diagnosis 

Your vet will ask if your have noticed your dog scooting, licking his rear end, or seeming to be in pain when he sits or when he defecates. Your vet will then look for swelling and blood-tinged discharge. 

Anal Sac Abscesse Treatment 

Your vet will likely have to clean out your dog’s anal sac which includes flushing the sacs with an antiseptic and/antibiotics. Because your dog’s anal sacs will be tender and painful, your vet may need to use anesthesia to do thisthis. Your vet will also put your dog on a course of oral antibiotics and painkillers. Your vet will also send your dog home with an e-collar (a cone) to wear to prevent your dog from licking around his anus. Your vet may also ask you to apply warm compresses daily to the impacted area in order to reduce the swelling. In some cases where the abscess has caused significant damage or an abscess reoccurs chronically and other options such as dietary changes have not helped, your vet may recommend surgery to remove the sacs. This procedure is called anal sacculectomy. 

Abscessed Anal Gland Prevention 

If you notice your dog chronically scooting or chewing at his anal area, Bring him to the vet. Also, get prompt treatment for any infections or conditions, especially those that are known to impact your dog’s anal region such anal sac impactions and certain allergies. You can also increase the amount of fiber in your dog’s diet. Increasing your dog’s fiber intake will increase fecal volume which, in turn, puts greater pressure on the anal sacs to empty with each bowel movement. 

References: 

http://pets.webmd.com/dogs/symptoms-treatments-anal-sac-disease-dogs 

merckmanuals.com 

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